Data Protection and Privacy Laws in Nepal – New laws 2081

This article will guide you through all the data protection and privacy laws in Nepal.

Introduction – Data Protection and Privacy Laws in Nepal

In today’s digital world, keeping our data safe is super important, especially with so many of us going online every day. In Nepal, there is a rising concern about data breaches and the security of personal information.

Nepal is actively developing stringent regulations to safeguard its citizens’ data. This article will discuss the measures and initiatives Nepal is implementing to ensure Data Protection and Privacy.

Data Protection and Privacy Laws in Nepal

Constitution of Nepal

The Constitution of Nepal, the highest law of the land, protects the basic rights of its citizens, including their right to privacy. Article 28, of the Constitution, ensures that every Nepali citizen has the right to keep their personal and private life protected.

This not only includes their physical safety but also extends to the security of their written records and their reputation.

Privacy Act 2075

The Privacy Act of 2075 and the Privacy Regulation of 2077 were enacted with the following objectives:

  • To actively implement the right to privacy.
  • To guarantee the proper and secure use of personal information held by public institutions.
  • To prevent any infringements on personal privacy.

In practical terms, if someone is running a website or a digital platform in Nepal, it’s imperative to seek permission before gathering someone’s data.

These laws are instrumental in ensuring data protection and safeguarding the privacy of individuals in Nepal.

Data Protection and Privacy Laws in Nepal

National Penal Code 2074

The National Penal Code 2074 focuses on protecting personal privacy. This means you can’t secretly record conversations, take pictures without permission, or steal data.

If someone breaks these rules, they might find themselves in jail or be hit with a hefty fine. Everyone in Nepal needs to be aware of these codes and follow them.

These steps show that Nepal is serious about guarding the privacy of its citizens and ensuring that everyone uses technology responsibly.

Data Act 2079

In 2022, Nepal recognized the necessity for a comprehensive law that would unify all previous regulations related to data collection. The outcome was the Data Act of 2079, which sets out clear guidelines for how data must be collected, utilized, and shared within Nepal.

This act was introduced to streamline and strengthen data management practices in the country, ensuring that personal information remains protected and secure.

Nepal’s commitment to enacting such laws underscores its dedication to safeguarding the privacy and security of its citizens’ data in the modern digital age.

New IT Bill

The IT Bill is all about making electronic data stronger and safer. This bill shows that Nepal is trying hard to stay updated in this digital world and wants to keep its people’s data super safe.

If passed, this legislation could bring significant improvements in how electronic data is handled and protected in Nepal. It’s a clear sign that Nepal is actively taking steps to meet global standards and prioritize its citizens’ digital security.

Challenges for Foreign Companies

Currently, it’s a bit unclear whether Nepal’s data protection laws apply to international companies that deal with data from Nepali citizens.

This has raised concerns among international digital businesses operating in the country. However, the new IT Bill might provide more clarity on this front.

Breach of Data in Nepal

In Nepal, keeping private data safe is a big deal. If someone violates another person’s privacy, it’s not just wrong but also against the law. Collecting personal data without proper authorization or not disclosing the reason for its collection is illegal. S

haring an individual’s personal information without their consent can lead to legal consequences. Violators can face imprisonment for up to three years, a fine of up to thirty thousand rupees, or both.

If an individual believes they’ve suffered due to a data breach, they have the right to seek compensation in court. It’s essential to handle personal data with care and respect in Nepal to avoid legal repercussions.


Nepal sees the importance of data protection and is actively improving its laws to keep data safe and private. With more people in Nepal using the internet, strong privacy laws are becoming even more essential.

Though Nepal is advancing in its data protection efforts, certain aspects of the Privacy Act require refinement.

Until these modifications are in place, it’s essential for individuals to exercise caution when disclosing their personal details online, given the existing framework of data security in Nepal.

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